Who sentenced Jesus to death?
When Judea became a Roman province in A.D. 6, Jews lost the right to inflict capital punishment on their own citizens. The Sanhedrim could only pronounce a death sentence; nothing could be done without the sanction of the governor. Prefect Pontius Pilate, the governor of Judea, had full authority over the inhabitants. Regardless of the origin of the accused, any criminal physically present within Pilate's jurisdiction was subject to his absolute power (if a Galilean remained in Galilee, Pilate could not touch him). Should the Prefect venture beyond the boundaries of Judea, he was considered a civilian without influence. Paulus, Julius Libro 13 Ad Sabinum (Roman law jurist, second century).